Film industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., film production companies, film studios, cinematography, animation, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post-production, film festivals, distribution, and actors. Though the expense involved in making movies almost immediately led film production to concentrate under the auspices of standing production companies, advances in affordable filmmaking equipment, as well as an expansion of opportunities to acquire investment capital from outside the film industry itself.
Let’s have a look at the top 10 film industries in the world.
Hollywood or the cinema of the United States has had a large effect on the global film industry since the early 20th century. The dominant style of American cinema is classical Hollywood cinema, which developed from 1913 to 1969 and is still typical of most films made there to this day. While Frenchmen Auguste and Louis Lumière are generally credited with the birth of modern cinema, American cinema soon came to be a dominant force in the emerging industry. As of 2017, it produced the second-largest number of films of any single-language national cinema, after China, with more than 700 English-language films released on average every year. [Source: www.rankingroyals.com]
The United Kingdom has had a significant film industry for over a century. While film production reached an all-time high in 1936, the “golden age” of British cinema is usually thought to have occurred in the 1940s, during which the directors David Lean, Michael Powell, and Carol Reed produced their most critically acclaimed works. Many British actors have accrued critical success and worldwide recognition, such as Audrey Hepburn, Maggie Smith, Roger Moore and Michael Caine.
Cinema of China
Chinese cinema is one of three distinct historical threads of Chinese-language cinema, together with the cinema of Hong Kong and the cinema of Taiwan. Cinema was introduced in China in 1896 and the first Chinese film, “Dingjun Mountain”, was made in 1905. In the early decades, the film industry was centered on Shanghai. The 1920s was dominated by small studios and commercial films, especially in the action wuxia genre.
Bollywood or Hindi cinema is the Indian Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). The popular term Bollywood, used to refer to mainstream Hindi cinema, is a portmanteau of “Bombay” and “Hollywood”. The industry is part of the larger Indian cinema, the world’s largest by number of feature films produced, along with the Cinema of South India and other Indian film industries.
Japanese Cinema has a history that spans more than 100 years. Japan has one of the oldest and largest film industries in the world; as of 2021, it was the fourth-largest by number of feature films produced. In 2011, Japan produced 411 feature movies that earned 54.9% of a box office total of US$2.338 billion. Movies have been produced in Japan since 1897, when the first foreign cameramen arrived. [Source: www.nigerianinfopedia.com.ng]
France Cinema consists of the film industry and its film productions, whether made within the nation of France or by French film production companies abroad. It is the oldest and largest precursor of national cinemas in Europe, with primary influence also on the creation of national cinemas of Asia. France continues to have a particularly strong film industry, due in part to protections afforded by the French government.
South Korean Cinema
South Korean cinema refers to the film industry of South Korea from 1945 to present. South Korean films have been heavily influenced by such events and forces as the Japanese occupation of Korea, the Korean War, government censorship, the business sector, globalization, and the democratization of South Korea.
Australian Cinema had its beginnings with the 1906 production of “The Story of the Kelly Gang”, arguably the world’s first feature film. Since then, Australian crews have produced many films, a number of which have received international recognition. Many actors and filmmakers with international reputations started their careers in Australian films, and many of these have established lucrative careers in larger film-producing centers, such as the United States.
The film industry in Germany can be traced back to the late 19th century. German cinema made major technical and artistic contributions to early film, broadcasting and television technology. Babelsberg became a household synonym for the early 20th century film industry in Europe, similar to Hollywood later. Germany witnessed major changes to its identity during the 20th and 21st century.
Mexican cinema dates to the late nineteenth century, during the rule of President Porfirio Díaz. Seeing a demonstration of short films in 1896, Díaz immediately saw the importance of documenting his presidency in order to present an ideal image of it. With the outbreak of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, Mexican and foreign makers of silent movies seized the opportunity to document its leaders and events. From 1915 onward, Mexican cinema focused on narrative film. It dominated the Latin American film industry during the Golden Age of Mexican cinema. [Source: www.medium.com]
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